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First Voyage

 

James Cook was appointed to command a ship called Endeavour, which left Plymouth on 26 August, 1768.
Information about her and the men who sailed in her can be found below, with links to information found elsewhere on our website

Ship
Endeavour was built in Whitby, and originally named Earl of Pembroke.
More information about her can be found in an article about Endeavour.

Main events during this period
A list of what Cook was up to preparing for this voyage and during the voyage can be found in Paul Capper's list of First Voyage dates.
In each issue of Cook's Log an article appears saying what was happening to Captain Cook 250 years earlier.

1768 January - March At the beginning of January 1768, James Cook, Master of Grenville, was preparing to return to Newfoundland to undertake another season’s survey. In March, Endeavour was chosen.
  April - June Cook was appointed to Endeavour to prepare her for a voyage to observe the Transit of Venus from the Pacific.
  July - September Endeavour left Deptford on 21 July, arriving at Plymouth on 14 August.  She sailed from there on 25 August, arriving at Madeira on 12 September.
Meanwhile, at home a son, Joseph Cook, was born.
  October - December Endeavour sailed south along the Atlantic Ocean, arriving at Rio de Janeiro on 13 November. She left on 7 December, continuing her journey to Cape Horn.
1769 January - March Endeavour arrived off the coast of Tierra del Fuego, anchored at the Bay of Success, and headed for Tahiti.
  April - June Endeavour was at Tahiti, where the Transit of Venus was observed.
  July - September Endeavour sailed from Tahiti, around the Society Islands, then headed south in search of the Southern Continent.
  October - December Endeavour arrived at New Zealand, and sailed along most of the east coast of the North Island

A daily update of what was happening on that day 250 years ago can be found on our Daily Activities pages

Crew
A total of 95 persons sailed in Endeavour, 94 leaving England and one seaman being impressed at Madeira. Replacements for lost crew members were obtained at various ports later in the voyage. Fifty-six of the original 94 reached home 2 years and 11 months later.

They are listed below with links to information about them.
Note: A.B. is short for Able Bodied seaman

Name

Position (s)

Biographical
details

Transcript
of Will

Family
Tree

ANDERSON, Robert A.B.    
BOOTIE, John Midshipman  
CHARLTON, John Captain's servant  
CHILDS, Joseph A.B. to
ship's cook
   
CLERKE, Charles Master's mate to
1st Lieutenant
COLLETT, William A.B.  
COOK, James 1st Lieutenant    
COX, Matthew A.B.    
DAWSON, William A.B.    
DOZEY, John A.B.    
EVANS, Samuel Quartermaster    
FLOWER, Peter A.B.    
FORWOOD, Stephen Gunner  
GATHREY, John Boatswain    
GOLDSMITH, Thomas A.B.    
GOODJOHN, John A.B.    
GORE, John 3rd Lieutenant to
2nd Lieutenant
 
GRAY, James A.B. to
Quartermaster
   
HAITE, Francis A.B.  
HARDMAN, Thomas Boatswain's mate    
HARVEY, William A.B.  to
midshipman
 
HICKS, Zachary 2nd Lieutenant  
HILL, Richard Servant to the Ship's Master    
HOWSON, William A.B. and
Captain's servant
   
HUGHES, Richard A.B.    
HUTCHINS, Richard A.B. to
boatswain
   
JEFFS, Henry A.B. and
Ship's butcher
JOHNSON, Isaac A.B.    
JONES, Samuel A.B.    
JONES, Thomas Surgeon's servant    
JORDAN, Benjamin A.B.    
JORDAN, Thomas Boatswain's servant    
JOYCE, James A.B.    
KNIGHT, Thomas A.B.    
LINDSAY, Alexander A.B.    
LITTLEBOY, Michael A.B.  
LITTLEBOY, Richard A.B.  
MAGRA, James A.B. to
Midshipman
 
MANLEY, Isaac George Master's servant to
Midshipman
MARRA, John A.B.    
MATTHEWS, Thomas Servant to
ship's cook
   
MOLYNEUX, Robert Master  
MONKHOUSE, Jonathan Midshipman  
MONKHOUSE, William B. Surgeon
MOODY, Samuel A.B.  
MOREY, Nathaniel Servant to
3rd LIeutenant
   
NICHOLSON, James A.B.  
NOWELL, George A.B.    
ORTON, Richard Ship's clerk    
PARKER, Isaac A.B.    
PECKOVER, William A.B.  
PEREIRA, Manoel A.B.  
PERRY, William Surgeon's mate  to
Surgeon
PICKERSGILL, Richard Master’s Mate

PONTO, Antonio A.B.    
PRAVAL, Charles A.B.    
RAMSEY, John A.B.    
RAVENHILL, John Sailmaker    
READING, John Boatswain's mate    
REARDEN, Timothy A.B.  
ROBERTS, Daniel Gunner's servant    
SATTERLEY, John Carpenter  
SAUNDERS, Patrick Midshipman    
SIMMONDS, Thomas A.B.  
SIMPSON, Alexander A.B.  
SMITH, Isaac A.B. to
Master's Mate
 
STAINSBY, Robert A.B.  
STEPHENS, Henry A.B.    
SUTHERLAND, Forbes A.B.    
TAYLOR, Robert Armourer  
TERRELL, Edward Carpenter's mate    
THOMPSON, John Ship's cook    
THURMAN, John A.B. to
Sailmaker's assistant
 
TUNLEY, James A.B.    
WEIR, Alexander Quartermaster  
WILKINSON, Francis A.B. to
Master's mate
 
WILLIAMS, Charles A.B.    
WOLFE, Archibald A.B.    
WOODWORTH, John A.B.
YOUNG, Nicholas Surgeon's servant    

 

Marines
In addition to the ship's crew, Endeavour also carried a number of soldiers from the Marine Service.
Their presence helped Captain Cook to maintain order on board.
They also provided the Captain with protection whenever he went ashore.

Name

Position

Biographical
details

Transcript
of Will

Family
Tree

BOWLES, John Private    
DUNSTER, Thomas Private  
EDGCUMBE, John Sergeant    
GIBSON, Samuel Private  
GREENSLADE, William Private    
JUDGE, William Private    
PAUL, Henry Private    
PRESTON, Daniel Private  
ROSSITER, Thomas Drummer    
TRUSLOVE, John Corporal    
WEBB, Clement Private    
WILSHIRE, William Private    

 

Mr. Banks' Party
Also on board were a number of scientists who took various measurements during the course of the voyage, and collected natural history specimens from the lands which were visited.

Name

Position

Biographical
details

Transcript
of Will

Family
Tree

ALEXANDER Mr Banks servant      
BANKS, Joseph Scientist  
BRISCOE, Peter Mr Banks servant    
BUCHAN, Alexander Artist  
DORLTON Mr Banks servant    
GREEN, Charles Astronomer    
PARKINSON, Sydney Natural history artist
REYNOLDS, John Astronomer's servant    
RICHMOND Mr Banks servant      
ROBERTS, James Mr Banks servant  
SOLANDER, Daniel Naturalist    
SPORING, Herman Naturalist's assistant    
TARHETO Tupia's servant      
TUPIA Tahitian      

 

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I am researching the life of Nicholas Young....before he was invited onto Endeavour at either Tahiti or did he get on board in England? The muster roll suggests he was not on board in Aug 1768 but he was in Tahiti in 1769 before Endeavour arrived in NZ. Looking for information as to what happened to Nicholas Young after he did the voyage with Joseph Banks to Iceland. Did Joseph Banks publish his journal after returning from Iceland???? What became of Nicholas Young??? Is there a family tree connecting Nicholas to living descendants today?? Any information on Nicholas Young would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.
By Debbie Gibson on 12/5/2019 4:30:27 AM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Victoria, John Ramsey was one of the handful of crew who sailed with Cook on all three voyages of exploration. Cook's third voyage took the Resolution along the coast of Oregon in March 1778. But the coast offered no sheltered bays, so Cook did not come to anchor and go ashore as the weather was too rough. The closest he anchored to the Oregon coast was at Nootka Sound on the west coast of Vancouver Island. The ships' musters do not record physical characteristics of the crew, and there is no record of him deserting ship.
By Cliff Thornton on 11/28/2019 7:37:46 PM Like:1 DisLike:0
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I'm curious about the crew member John Ramsey (Ramsay or Rainsey). Is there any physical description of him in the logs? He may have been my ancestor. I'm looking for a British sailor who either deserted or shipwrecked on the coast of Oregon around 1770 to 1790. There is no record of a shipwreck in that time frame and one of the few ships in the area was Captain Cook's.
He married into the native tribe there and produced a redheaded half native son named Jack Ramsay who was around 20-30 years old in 1805 when Lewis and Clark arrived. The story goes that the elder Ramsay was a redhead who died around 1790 to 1800 in a small pox epidemic. Could the sailor John Ramsay be my ancestor? Is there any record of desertion (perhaps on the last voyage from Hawaii to the pacific coast after captain cook died)? Is there any description of him as a redhead? Any information you can provide will be highly appreciated!
By Victoria Carter on 11/28/2019 4:24:10 AM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Jeffrey, I think that your memory may be mixing up two different events. Captain Cook arrived in Botany Bay in 1770 in command of his ship Endeavour. Yes, one of the marines on board was called Webb, Clement Webb. But I think that you are confusing the arrival of the Endeavour with those 11 ships which arrived in 1788, and are called the First Fleet. I do not know if there was a member of the crew of those 11 ships called Webb.
By Cliff Thornton on 10/6/2019 12:43:59 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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My Ancestor was Webb on Endeavour. I Remember Seeing His Name as Able Seaman on The Sydney Harbour Bridge CAPTAIN COOK ENDEAVOUR FIRST FLEET PLAQUE.
I Just Found the Ships Crew Details.
By Jeffrey R Webb on 10/6/2019 5:49:24 AM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Congratulations for the 250th anniversary
By Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera (Spain) on 3/11/2018 12:26:54 PM Like:0 DisLike:0
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Judith, the above tables include all of the men who sailed around the world on Endeavour. Some of the 19 who joined Endeavour at Batavia have been listed, as they provided a significant contribution to the voyage home. None of the 10 who joined the ship at Cape of Good Hope have been included. Please let me know if you feel that there are other names that merit inclusion.
By Cliff Thornton on 2/19/2018 2:07:17 PM Like:1 DisLike:0
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Not all members of the crew are listed. Am I correct?
All the best, Judith
By Judith Bowker Gristina on 2/15/2018 2:37:44 PM Like:1 DisLike:0

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